Getting Started with Biointensive
Inspect, Observe and Identify
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) ...continued
- Monitoring your garden is the first line of defense. Be on the lookout for missing or discolored leaves, flowers, or fruit.
- Inspect the color, texture, and size of your plants to see if it has changed since you last inspection.
- Check your plants for signs of trouble two or three times a week. Upon occasion check your plants at night, since some pests are only foraging in the dark. Mark the spot for daytime treatment.
- Unless you have proper identification, you will not be able to effectively control or manage the pests. It is important to know where to look and what to look for.
- Check under the leaves, where the leaves join the stems and the inner part of the plant canopy. Using a 615X magnifying glass will help when you are checking for pest signs and symptoms , as well as small infections like fungus and spider mites.
- Collect samples. If you cannot identify the pest on your own, the best thing to do is consult your local Extension office. Plastic bags and glass jars are good for collecting pests and examples of damage. Use a clean, soft paintbrush to sweep the bugs or fungus into your container. A flashlight is another useful tool, as many pests are active at night.
Physical removal Got bad bugs? Removing the pest by hand is simple. Pick them off or spray with water. Using a soft paintbrush, you can sweep them into a bowl or bucket.
Sometimes insects can be removed by placing a sheet under the infested plant and then gently shaking. Snip caterpillars with garden shears.
Pinch off small affected parts, such as the leaves or apical bud, which will not hurt the plant. Use traps to lure pests, then throw them away.
Next - Biologial and Chemical Controls
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